What is static and dynamic typed languages?
Statically typed programming languages do type checking (i.e. the process of verifying and enforcing the constraints of types) at compile-time as opposed to run-time. Dynamically typed programming languages do type checking at run-time as opposed to compile-time.
What is a statically-typed language?
A statically-typed language is a language (such as Java, C, or C++) where variable types are known at compile time. In most of these languages, types must be expressly indicated by the programmer; in other cases (such as OCaml), type inference allows the programmer to not indicate their variable types.
Is C++ strongly or weakly typed?
C and C++ are considered weakly typed since, due to type-casting, one can interpret a field of a structure that was an integer as a pointer.
Is Java statically typed?
Java is statically-typed, so it expects its variables to be declared before they can be assigned values. Groovy is dynamically-typed and determines its variables’ data types based on their values, so this line is not required.