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## What is window clause in SQL?

The WINDOW clause in a SELECT query **specifies rows in a stream partitioned by the time range interval or a number of rows**. This allows you to perform calculations for each output row, such as AVG or MAX.

## What is window function in Snowflake?

Window functions in Snowflake are **a way to compute values over a group of rows**. They return a single value for each row, in contrast to aggregate functions which return a single value for a group of rows.

## What is windowing clause?

partition_clause : A PARTITION BY clause indicates **how to divide the query rows into groups**. The window function result for a given row is based on the rows of the partition that contains the row. If PARTITION BY is omitted, there is a single partition consisting of all query rows.

## How do I choose a window function?

To choose a window function, you must **estimate the frequency content of the signal**. If the signal contains strong interfering frequency components distant from the frequency of interest, choose a smoothing window with a high side lobe roll-off rate.

## How do window functions work in SQL?

Window functions operate on a set of rows and return a single value for each row from the underlying query. The term window describes the set of rows on which the function operates. A window function **uses values from the rows in a window to calculate the returned values**.

## What is coalesce in Snowflake?

**Returns the first non-NULL expression among its arguments**, or NULL if all its arguments are NULL.

## What is NVL in Snowflake?

Snowflake NVL and NVL2 Functions

Snowflake NVL takes two parameters. If **parameter1 is NULL then** parameter2 is returned. … If parameter1 is NOT NULL then NVL2 returns parameter2. If parameter1 is NULL then NVL2 returns parameter3.

## How do you get the first row in a snowflake?

**Following are a couple of methods that you can use to select or get first record of each group in Snowflake.**

- ROW_NUMBER Window Function to Select First Row of each Group.
- FIRST_VALUE Window Function to Select First Row of each Group.
- NTH_VALUE Window Function to Select n
^{th}Row of each Group.

## Why are they called window functions?

Because they **operate over a “window frame” — a set of rows relative to the current row**, which can be specified with more precision using the ROWS or RANGE keyword.

## What is window function and how it is used?

A window function **performs a calculation across a set of table rows that are somehow related to the current row**. … But unlike regular aggregate functions, use of a window function does not cause rows to become grouped into a single output row — the rows retain their separate identities.

## What is window query in DBMS?

Window functions operate **on a set of rows and return a single aggregated value for each row**. The term Window describes the set of rows in the database on which the function will operate. We define the Window (set of rows on which functions operates) using an OVER() clause.